Compact Online Reference Encyclopedia (CORE)

Looking for information on a specific topic, training, rule, or process? Through one search here, you can find the information you need from ICAOS’ white papersadvisory opinionstraining modulesrules and the bench book. All results are cross-referenced with links to make navigation easy and intuitive.

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The sending state shall give the same force and effect to conditions imposed by a receiving state as if those conditions had been imposed by the sending state. History: Adopted October 26, 2004, effective January 1, 2005; amended October 4, 2006,…
Published December 19, 2018 At the request of the Interstate Commission for Adult Offender Supervision’s (ICAOS) Executive Committee, the following legal analysis has been prepared in order to serve as a resource documenting the legal implications of the…
This on-demand training module explains the processes required for transferring supervision to a receiving state. This includes requirements for a transfer request and for reporting instructions for qualifying offenders. This module is approximately 25…
Includes training for definition of 'Behavior Requiring Retaking' and Rule 5.103, explaining that documented non-compliant behavior & responses to the behavior should be reported on a violation report ONLY when invoking mandatory retaking after the…
This on-demand training module discusses reporting requirements for compact offenders who abscond per the ICAOS definition and requirements. This module also discusses mandatory retaking requirements when an absconder is apprehended in the receiving state…
This on-demand training module explains basic ICOTS functionality including user roles, workflow and offender management. Information on common user login errors is also provided. Time to complete this module is approximately 20 minutes.
This on-demand training module illustrates the process for transferring supervision responsibilities to another state including requirements for a transfer request and qualifications for reporting instructions. This module is approximately 20 minutes.…
This on-demand training consists of 9 parts relevant to various responsibilities of State Compact Staff and Administrators. Participants can customize their training by choosing only those sections relevant to their duties. Topics include: Overview of…
This on-demand training module provides an introduction to ICAOS and rules relevant to Judges, attorneys and other court personnel.
This on-demand training module gives an overview of the Interstate Compact for Adult Offender Supervision intended for Jail Administrators. 
This on-demand training module gives an overview of ICAOS rules intended for Parole Board Members.
When possibly subject to revocation in the sending state for violations (excluding new convictions) committed in the receiving state, compact offenders are ENTITLED to a probable cause hearing near where the alleged violations occurred prior to retaking.…
Prior to accessing ICOTS, users must be trained on ICAOS rules, ICOTS procedures as well as the ICOTS privacy policy. This training module highlights the privacy policy and the end user agreement confirming ICOTS user understand and agree to terms prior…
Transfers fall into one of two categories, (1) mandatory acceptance and (2) discretionary acceptance. The authority to place an offender outside the state rests exclusively with the sending state. See Rule 3.101. The offender has no constitutional right…
According the Commission’s definition of “offender,” the Commission can regulate the full range of adult offenders. An adult offender does not have to be on a traditionally applied formal “probation” or “parole” status to qualify for transfer and…
Determining offender eligibility under the Compact requires a multi-prong analysis beginning with the broad definition of offender. An “offender” means “an adult placed under, or made subject to, supervision as a result of the commission of a criminal…
This on-demand training module provides a brief introduction to the Interstate Commission, its functions and resources available. This module is approximately 10 minutes.
In addition to traditional cases where an offender is formally adjudicated and placed on supervision, the ICAOS also applies in so-called “suspended sentencing,” “suspended adjudication,” and “deferred sentencing” contexts. Rule 2.106 provides that “…
Some states may use a “sentencing” option referred to as deferred prosecution. Such sentences, which are generally authorized by a state’s statutes, allow the offender to admit under oath or stipulate to the facts of the criminal conduct, but defer…
The rules of the Commission can have significant impact on the time between final disposition of a case and when the offender can actually move to another state. To the extent that an offender is eligible for transfer under the Compact, a court does not…
The Commission adopted Rule 3.103 to address those offenders subject to probation who need to relocate to a state prior to acceptance and receiving reporting instructions. This rule allows an offender who is living in the receiving state at the time of…
Through its rules, the Commission allows an “expedited” option, which effectively allows the offender to transfer supervision on a “pending acceptance” basis. To qualify for expedited reporting instructions, the sending and receiving state must agree that…
One area for potential confusion centers on the issue of treatment in lieu of supervision or treatment as supervision. In such cases, courts may be inclined to defer sentence and require enrollment in a community based or in-house treatment program in…
Rule 3.101-1 addresses three categories of military individuals: (1) military personnel, (2) family members living with military personnel; and (3) veterans for medical or mental health services. Military Personnel are eligible for reporting instructions…
An offender who is otherwise eligible for transfer under Rule 3.101 may not be required to submit to psychological testing by the receiving state as a condition of acceptance of the transfer. Such “pre-acceptance” requirements imposed on otherwise…
Particular attention should be paid to offenders convicted of a second or subsequent offense of driving while impaired (DUI and DWI offenses). Because various states’ laws differ widely on what constitutes a second or subsequent conviction, the Commission…
While the sending state has sole authority to determine the duration of supervision either by way of the court’s sentence of by paroling authorities, the receiving state retains discretion as to the type of supervision it will provide. Rule 4.101…
The Commission recognizes that the transfer of sex offenders is complex due to individual state laws regarding sex offender registries and various residency and employment restrictions. Rule 3.101-3 addresses these challenges in order to promote offender…
As discussed, the transfer of supervision of an offender is mandatory in some circumstances. Receiving states are required to accept transfer if the offender is eligible under Rules 3.101 and 3.101-1. As discussed in Chapter 4 regarding return of…
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