Compact Online Reference Encyclopedia (CORE)

Looking for information on a specific topic, training, rule, or process? Through one search here, you can find the information you need from ICAOS’ white papersadvisory opinions, bylaws, policies, Hearing Officer's Guidetraining modulesrules, helpdesk articles and the bench book. All results are cross-referenced with links to make navigation easy and intuitive.

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An offender against whom retaking procedures have been instituted by a sending or receiving state shall not be admitted to bail or other release conditions in any state. History: Adopted November 4, 2003, effective August 1, 2004; amended October 4, 2006…
(a) Officers authorized under the law of a sending state may enter a state where the offender is found and apprehend and retake the offender, subject to this compact, its rules, and due process requirements. (b) The sending state shall be required to…
View the demonstration of the Progress Report  
Warrant – means a written order of the court or authorities of a sending or receiving state or other body of competent jurisdiction which is made on behalf of the state, or United States, issued pursuant to statute and/or rule and which commands law…
As previously discussed, Rule 5.102 requires the sending state to retake an offender for a new felony or violent crime conviction after the offender’s release from incarceration for the new crime. This may result in a considerable amount of time between…
Whether officers can arrest and detain compact offenders for probation violations
An offender in violation of the conditions of supervision may be taken into custody or continued in custody by the receiving state. History: Adopted October 4, 2006, effective January 1, 2007; amended September 14, 2016, effective June 1, 2017.  
ICAOS Rules 4.111 and 5.103 also require sending states to issue nationwide arrest warrants for absconders who fail to return to the sending state in no less than fifteen (15) business days. Warrant requirements apply to offenders who fail to return to…
Upon receipt of a violation report for an absconding offender, a sending state must issue a national arrest warrant on notification that the offender has absconded. If the absconding offender is apprehended in the receiving state, the sending state shall…
The courts have defined the relationship between sending state and receiving state officials as an agency relationship. Courts recognize that in supervising out-of-state offenders the receiving state acts on behalf of and as an agent of the sending state…
The Progress Report Details provides detailed information submitted on a progress report and other data elements such as updates on supervision conditions, new arrest details and the receiving state’s recommendation. 
A receiving state shall supervise offenders consistent with the supervision of other similar offenders sentenced in the receiving state, including the use of incentives, corrective actions, graduated responses, and other supervision techniques.…
Progress Reports provide status and supervision updates to the sending state.  Receiving states should submit detailed Progress Reports regularly and within 30 calendar days when requested by the sending state.  See Rule 4.106 Use Progress to Report…
Whether an offender who has been arrested and released on bail for pending charges in the receiving state may be apprehended and detained for retaking by the sending state pending resolution of the new criminal charge
Government officials sued in their individual capacity have what is known as qualified immunity from suits for damages to the extent that their conduct does not violate clearly established statutory or constitutional rights of which a reasonable person…
The ICOTS End User Training offers several topic based modules.  Visit the On-Demand training section of the ICAOS website to access the modules ICOTS 300 - ICAOS/ICOTS 300 Privacy Policy Training Prior to accessing ICOTS, users must be trained on ICAOS…
Effective July 27, 2023 At Issue When the Warrant Status should be ‘Executed’ The ‘Warrant Status’ special status allows states to document and track compact compliant warrants when they are required for retaking and absconders.  The warrant special…
(a) Upon a request by the receiving state and documentation that the offender’s behavior requires retaking, a sending state shall issue a warrant to retake or order the return of an offender from the receiving state or a subsequent receiving state within…
That the Compact itself does not create a private right of action does not mean that offenders subject to it are left without a remedy under Section 1983. Instead, it means that their complaints must be framed as violations of a right enumerated in the…
The ICOTS warrant tracking tool launched June 2022 allows sending states to track warrants within ICOTS during retaking process or after report of an absconder. This session will review the Warrant Status Dashboard (launched in July 2022) as well as other…
Whether a receiving state can make a determination of substantial compliance if an offender commits a crime in the receiving state during the period of investigation or has an outstanding warrant
An offender subject to retaking proceedings has no right to bail. Rule 5.111 specifically prohibits any court or paroling authority in any state to admit an offender to bail pending completion of the retaking process, individual state law to the contrary…
The following key terms and their definitions supplement terms defined by the Compact. They should be of special interests to judicial authorities: Abscond means to be absent from the offender’s approved place of residence and employment; and failing to…
On Wednesday, March 7, 2018 four new enhancements will be launched in ICOTS. Most of the enhancements are relatively minor, but will provide an improved user experience.  This is the fourth of several enhancement releases to take place during FY 2018. The…
As a general proposition, convicted persons enjoy no right to interstate travel or a constitutionally protected interest to supervision in another state. See Jones v. Helms, 452 U.S. 412, 418-20 (1981); Griffin v. Wisconsin, 483 U.S. 868, 874 (1987); U.S…
Warrant status is a special status that is used to track warrants that are required by ICAOS rules in BOTH historical and non-historical cases.  When a warrant record is active, the profile screen will display the 'Active Warrant' special status…
Whether an offender granted a conditional pardon and moved to a secure treatment facility is eligible for transfer under the Compact
On September 29, 2021, the Commission approved several Rule Amendments and ICOTS enhancements to be implemented on April 1, 2022.  ICOTS Enhancements supplementing these rules launch June 1, 2022.  Details can be accessed on the ABM archive page.…
One of the principal purposes of the ICAOS is to ensure the effective transfer of offenders to other states and to oversee the return of offenders to the sending state through means other than formal extradition. To this end, the status of an offender as…
As used in these rules, unless the context clearly requires a different construction- Abscond – means to be absent from the offender’s approved place of residence and employment; and failing to comply with reporting requirements. Adult – means both…
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