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Interstate Commissioner for Audlt Offender Supervision (ICAOS) Logo

Bench Book - 5.1 Introduction

With thousands of offenders under supervision under the Interstate Compact for Adult Offender Supervision (ICAOS, or the Compact), lawsuits against the judicial officials, correctional officials, and others who administer the Compact are inevitable. This chapter discusses the various pathways through which those actors might face legal liability for their work. It also considers the different types of immunity and related defenses available to those actors when they are sued. This chapter is not intended as a comprehensive resource on these subjects, which turn out to be especially complicated and subject to numerous exceptions as a matter of state law. Rather, it is meant as a survey of liability and immunity issues that have actually arisen in the context of the Compact.