Compact Online Reference Encyclopedia (CORE)

Looking for information on a specific topic, training, rule, or process? Through one search here, you can find the information you need from ICAOS’ white papersadvisory opinions, bylaws, policies, Hearing Officer's Guidetraining modulesrules, helpdesk articles and the bench book. All results are cross-referenced with links to make navigation easy and intuitive.

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(a) Alternative dispute resolution—Any controversy or dispute between or among parties that arises from or relates to this compact that is not resolved under Rule 6.101 may be resolved by alternative dispute resolution processes. These shall consist of…
(a) The commission shall determine the formula to be used in calculating the annual assessments to be paid by states. Public notice of any proposed revision to the approved dues formula shall be given at least 30 calendar days prior to the Commission…
An offender against whom retaking procedures have been instituted by a sending or receiving state shall not be admitted to bail or other release conditions in any state. History: Adopted November 4, 2003, effective August 1, 2004; amended October 4, 2006…
The following holidays are not considered Business Days when calculating compliance on the ICAOS Dashboards.   Please note, Due Dates listed on the Compact Workload within ICOTS do not always consider holidays so for official compliance measures, be sure…
I. Authority The Executive Committee is vested with the power to act on behalf of the Interstate Commission during periods when the Interstate Commission is not in session. The Executive Committee oversees the day to day activities managed by the…
Description: List of all compact cases in the receiving state that have a Transfer Reply due within the selected date range of the last data upload. Case details include sending state, receiving state, probation, parole, receiving user, receiving…
Published September 2, 2011 At the request of the ICAOS Executive Committee resulting from several recent cases in which courts and other agencies have apparently lacked awareness or ignored the requirements of ICAOS and its rules in particular cases, the…
Published December 19, 2018 At the request of the Interstate Commission for Adult Offender Supervision’s (ICAOS) Executive Committee, the following legal analysis has been prepared in order to serve as a resource documenting the legal implications of the…
Arresting & Detaining Compact Probationers and Parolees. Authority of officers to arrest an out-of-state offender sent to Florida under the ICAOS on probation violations.
Under the rules of the Commission, a state is not specifically obligated to provide counsel in circumstances of revocation or retaking. However, particularly with regard to revocation proceedings, a state should provide counsel to an indigent offender if…
ICAOS Rule 4.106 requires the receiving state to submit a progress report within 30 calendar days of request.  For all cases considered active, ICOTS generates reminders and faciliates due dates to assist states with compliance of this rule.      Q: The…
The courts have defined the relationship between sending state and receiving state officials as an agency relationship. Courts recognize that in supervising out-of-state offenders the receiving state acts on behalf of and as an agent of the sending state…
Offenders, including those subject to supervision under the ICAOS, have limited rights. Conditional release is a privilege not guaranteed by the Constitution; it is an act of grace, a matter of pure discretion on the part of sentencing or corrections…
For purposes of revocation or other punitive action, a sending state is required to give the same force and effect to the violation of a condition imposed by the receiving state as if the condition had been imposed by the sending state. Furthermore, the…
Judges have absolute immunity from liability as long as they are performing a judicial act and there is not a clear absence of all jurisdiction. Stump v. Sparkman, 435 U.S. 349 (1978). A judge is not deprived of absolute immunity from liability for…
An offender subject to retaking proceedings has no right to bail. Rule 5.111 specifically prohibits any court or paroling authority in any state to admit an offender to bail pending completion of the retaking process, individual state law to the contrary…
The ICAOS recognizes that the transfer of supervision (and hence the relocation of an offender) is a matter of privilege subject to the absolute discretion of the sending state and, to a more limited extent, the discretion of the receiving state. Courts…
[Last updated July 3, 2017] Below are the 'Due on' and 'Overdue' email notifications generated by ICOTS:  Case Closure Notices due in 30 days, 30 calendar days prior to 10 business days after the Supervision End Date due today, 10 business days after the …
If the offender is entitled to a probable cause hearing, Rule 5.108(d) defines the offender’s basic rights. However, each state may have procedural variations. Therefore, to the extent that a hearing officer is unclear on the application of due process…
Where a probable cause hearing is required, the following are elements of due process that are applicable in all circumstances: The hearing must be conducted by a neutral and independent person and reasonably close in time and place to the alleged…
Rule 5.108(e) requires the receiving state to prepare a written report of the hearing within 10 business days and to transmit the report along with any evidence or record from the hearing to the sending state. The report must contain (1) the time, date…
Code Release 9.5.0 went into production March 24, 2010 to address the following development item: Progress Report Email Notifications ICOTS generates emails notifying the sending state and receiving state assigned users as well as each respective compact…
The offender may waive this hearing only if she or he admits to one or more violations of their supervision. See Rule 5.108(b), also Sanders v. Pennsylvania Board of Probation and Parole, 958 A.2d 582 (2008). The effect of waiving the probable cause…
ICOTS 17.0 code release is in production on February 29, 2012 and implements the development items described below: Case Closure Notice Reply In conjunction with approved amendment to Rule 4.112 (d) effective March 1, 2012, a due date for a Case Closure…
Description: The closure report provides a list of cases in which a case closure notice was due within the specified date range. The case closure due date, case closure transmit date and days overdue are included for each case. Reports can be filtered on…
Description: This report lists cases in which a requested progress report was due within the specified date range. The progress report due date, progress report transmit date and days overdue are included for each case.  The report can be filtered on…
As a general proposition, convicted persons enjoy no right to interstate travel or a constitutionally protected interest to supervision in another state. See Jones v. Helms, 452 U.S. 412, 418-20 (1981); Griffin v. Wisconsin, 483 U.S. 868, 874 (1987); U.S…
Training Bulletin 8-2008i explains how to initiate compact activities from within the offender profile screen. The “Assistance” screen, available from the Assistance Tab in ICOTS, is the most prominent and easily accessible screen for users to initiate…
Description:  The closure reply compliance report lists cases in which a closure notice reply was due within the specified date range. The case closure reply due date, case closure reply transmit date and days overdue are included for each case. This…
This guide is intended to provide hearing officers with basic guidance regarding the retaking procedures that may apply to offenders subject to the Interstate Compact for Adult Offender Supervision (ICAOS). Several cautionary notes should be understood in…
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