Compact Online Reference Encyclopedia (CORE)

Looking for information on a specific topic, training, rule, or process? Through one search here, you can find the information you need from ICAOS’ white papersadvisory opinions, bylaws, policies, Hearing Officer's Guidetraining modulesrules, helpdesk articles and the bench book. All results are cross-referenced with links to make navigation easy and intuitive.

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Behavior Requiring Retaking – means an act or pattern of non-compliance with conditions of supervision that could not be successfully addressed through the use of documented corrective action or graduated responses and would result in a request for…
Reporting Violations & Retaking These training tools and resources discuss requirements and processes for reporting violations and retaking offenders. PowerPoint Presentation 104 Reporting Behavior Requiring Retaking 105 Mandatory Retaking for New…
A receiving state is obligated to report to sending state authorities within 30 calendar days of the discovery or determination that an offender has engaged in behavior requiring retaking. “Behavior requiring retaking” is defined in Rule 1.101 as an act…
(a) Upon a request by the receiving state and documentation that the offender’s behavior requires retaking, a sending state shall issue a warrant to retake or order the return of an offender from the receiving state or a subsequent receiving state within…
The Violation Summary provides violation data (e.g. violation type, recommendation, latest response, etc.) transmitted on a Violation Report Requiring Retaking within a selected date range.  It can provide historical impact of rule changes (specifically…
As discussed, the transfer of supervision of an offender is mandatory in some circumstances. Receiving states are required to accept transfer if the offender is eligible under Rules 3.101 and 3.101-1. As discussed in Chapter 4 regarding return of…
The courts have defined the relationship between sending state and receiving state officials as an agency relationship. Courts recognize that in supervising out-of-state offenders the receiving state acts on behalf of and as an agent of the sending state…
Progress Reports provide status and supervision updates to the sending state.  Receiving states should submit detailed Progress Reports regularly and within 30 calendar days when requested by the sending state.  See Rule 4.106 Use Progress to Report…
At the request of a receiving state, Rule 5.102 requires the sending state to retake an offender convicted of a violent crime. A violent crime is qualified by one of the following four criteria: (1) any crime involving the unlawful exertion of physical…
An offender subject to retaking proceedings has no right to bail. Rule 5.111 specifically prohibits any court or paroling authority in any state to admit an offender to bail pending completion of the retaking process, individual state law to the contrary…
(a) A receiving state shall notify a sending state of an act or pattern of behavior requiring retaking within 30 calendar days of discovery or determination by submitting a violation report. (b) A violation report shall contain– offender’s name and…
DCA Training Institute Presentation & Handout Painting the Supervision Picture Retaking required ‘Upon a request of the receiving state’ Warrant Tracking Dealing with Pending Charges & Revocable Behavior Probable Cause Hearing Requirements…
ICAOS Rules 4.111 and 5.103 also require sending states to issue nationwide arrest warrants for absconders who fail to return to the sending state in no less than fifteen (15) business days. Warrant requirements apply to offenders who fail to return to…
As previously noted, Article I of ICAOS authorizes officers of a sending state to enter a receiving state, or a state to which an offender has absconded, for purposes of retaking an offender. With limited exceptions, the decision to retake an offender…
Supervision in the Receiving State These training tools and resources discuss requirements and processes for offenders supervised in another state under the Interstate Compact Requirements. -Victim's Rights & Notification -Supervision…
Use the Addendum to Offender Violation Report for correspondence after reporting behavior requiring retaking. This ensures information consolidates to the official violation record in ICOTS and requires the sending state to respond (e.g. respond with…
Rule 5.108(e) requires the receiving state to prepare a written report of the hearing within 10 business days and to transmit the report along with any evidence or record from the hearing to the sending state. The report must contain (1) the time, date…
Probable Cause Hearing – a hearing in compliance with the decisions of the U.S. Supreme Court, conducted on behalf of an offender accused of violating the terms or conditions of the offender‘s parole or probation.
(a) A receiving state shall submit a progress report to the sending state within 30 calendar days of receiving a request. (b) A receiving state may initiate a progress report to document offender compliant or noncompliant behavior that does not require…
Principal among the provisions of the ICAOS are the waiver of formal extradition requirements for returning offenders who violate the terms and condition of their supervision. The ICAOS specifically provides that: The Compacting states recognize that…
The offender may waive this hearing only if she or he admits to one or more violations of their supervision. See Rule 5.108(b), also Sanders v. Pennsylvania Board of Probation and Parole, 958 A.2d 582 (2008). The effect of waiving the probable cause…
Transmitted Activities lists all compact activities on incoming cases transmitted within a selected date range.  The report provides statistics and data for export and filter by special status (e.g. sex offenders), date range and activity. It also…
This guide offers parole officials useful information and practical insights for implementing the Compact. Topics addressed within the guide include: Who transfers through the Compact; When may an individual begin the transfer application; Why would a…
Follow up to the FY22 transfer assessment and ABM sessions, this training will cover the various uses of the Transfer Decision Dashboard and uses for improving acceptance rates.  This report provides states analysis opportunities to identify areas for…
About The activity history reports provide statistical and audit tools as well as provide an alternative to solely relying on emails for activity review or follow up.  These analysis tools can also measure impact of new procedures, policy or rule changes…
The Future of ICAOS, The Next 20 Years On January 24th, the Commission presented at the American Probation and Parole Association Winter Training Institute in Columbus, Ohio. There, community supervision and judicial professionals learned the general…
About The administrative reports provide data on current cases, specific compact processes, cleanup of duplicate records and management of ICOTS users for your state. These reports provide states with details on active compact cases and provide tools to…
If the hearing officer determines that probable cause exists and the offender has committed the alleged violations, the receiving state may detain the offender in custody pending the outcome of decisions in the sending state. Within 15 business days of…
Return to a sending state during supervision is facilitated using return Reporting Instructions (See Rule 4.111.)  Be sure to VERIFY all information entered.  Reasons for Returning Reporting Instructions At the request of the supervised individual After…
How states should manage absconders apprehended in the receiving state
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