Compact Online Reference Encyclopedia (CORE)

Looking for information on a specific topic, training, rule, or process? Through one search here, you can find the information you need from ICAOS’ white papersadvisory opinions, bylaws, policies, Hearing Officer's Guidetraining modulesrules, helpdesk articles and the bench book. All results are cross-referenced with links to make navigation easy and intuitive.

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Upon selecting "Notice of Arrival" either from the Assistants tab or the offender profile, the user will be asked if the offender arrived in the receiving state. If the user selects "No", they will be directed to the Notice of Failure…
ICOTS Code Release 29.3.0 - Enhancements & Bug Fixes ICOTS 29.3 code release went into production on February 25, 2015 and implemented the development items described below: Notice of Failure to Arrive Upon selecting "Notice of Arrival"…
ICAOS Rules 4.111 and 5.103 also require sending states to issue nationwide arrest warrants for absconders who fail to return to the sending state in no less than fifteen (15) business days. Warrant requirements apply to offenders who fail to return to…
The Rejected Cases Never Transferred lists all current rejected compact cases where the offender never arrived in the receiving state. The dashboard includes information on state, offender ID, compact case number, offender name, sending state, receiving…
(a) Departure notifications—At the time of an offender’s departure from any state pursuant to a transfer of supervision or the granting of reporting instructions, the state from which the offender departs shall notify the intended receiving state, and, if…
The Arrival Notice after Departure Notice lists cases with a Notice of Departure transmitted to the receiving state within the date range set for the filter "Date NOD Sent". The report can be filtered on supervision type, case status (active or…
Determining offender eligibility under the Compact requires a multi-prong analysis beginning with the broad definition of offender. An “offender” means “an adult placed under, or made subject to, supervision as a result of the commission of a criminal…
The Arrival Notices report lists all notice of arrivals transmitted within the selected date range. The dashboard can be filtered on supervision type, arrival type, returning to sending state, receiving state user, or offender last name. Common Uses: How…
An offender convicted of a new conviction in the receiving state forming the basis for retaking is not entitled to further hearings, the conviction being conclusive as to the status of the offender’s violations of supervision and the right of the sending…
Warrant status is a special status that is used to track warrants that are required by ICAOS rules in BOTH historical and non-historical cases.  When a warrant record is active, the profile screen will display the 'Active Warrant' special status…
The Commission possesses significant enforcement authority against states deemed in default of their obligations under the Compact. The decision to impose a penalty for noncompliance rests with the Commission as a whole or its executive committee acting…
A notice of arrival has been submitted on this case, but the receiving state says they can't submit a case closure notice and the offender profile shows the residence as blank (lack of primary address). Your issue is related to the wrong supervising…
As the ICAOS governs the movement of offenders and not the terms and conditions of sentencing, the ICAOS rules are silent on the imposition of restitution. This is therefore a matter governed exclusively by the laws of the sending state and the court…
Although receiving states may not impose pre-acceptance requirements on offenders that would violate a state’s obligations under the Compact, the Compact and its rules would not prevent the receiving state from imposing post-acceptance testing…
Sometimes in newsletters and helpdesk tickets, certain ICOTS terms are referenced with an acronym. Here is a list of what those acronyms mean: ARVR - Addendum to Response to Violation Report AVR - Addendum to Violation Report CAR - Compact Action Request…
State sovereign immunity is, as noted above, the doctrine that prevents a state from being sued in its own courts without its consent. It will generally be a matter of state law, and of course not every state is the same. Many states have narrowed or…
Neither the Eleventh Amendment nor other formulations of sovereign immunity bar a suit against a state in the courts of another state. Nevada v. Hall, 440 U.S. 410 (1979). In Mianecki v. Second Judicial Court of Washoe County, 658 P.2d 422 (Nev. 1983),…
(a) For an offender returning to the sending state, the receiving state shall request reporting instructions, unless the offender is under active criminal investigation or is charged with a subsequent felony or violent crime in the receiving state. The…
The ICOTS warrant tracking tool launched June 2022 allows sending states to track warrants within ICOTS during retaking process or after report of an absconder. This session will review the Warrant Status Dashboard (launched in July 2022) as well as other…
States are bound to the Commission’s rules under the terms of the Compact. The rules adopted by the Commission have the force and effect of statutory law and all courts and executive agencies shall take all necessary measures to enforce their application…
That the Compact itself does not create a private right of action does not mean that offenders subject to it are left without a remedy under Section 1983. Instead, it means that their complaints must be framed as violations of a right enumerated in the…
On Wednesday, September 16, 2020 Appriss pushed the second batch of training help points to ICOTS. As described in the announcement for the first batch, the ICOTS Help Points were designed to replace and improve upon the ICOTS User Guide PDF. Instead of a…
(a) Through the office of a state’s compact administrator, states shall attempt to resolve disputes or controversies by communicating with each other by telephone, telefax, or electronic mail. (b) Failure to resolve dispute or controversy— Following an…
What is Case & Offender Management? Administrative functions for case and offender management assure the Commission’s internal and external partners that the ICOTS data contains information that is accurate, valid, and reliable.  Per the ICOTS…
As discussed, the transfer of supervision of an offender is mandatory in some circumstances. Receiving states are required to accept transfer if the offender is eligible under Rules 3.101 and 3.101-1. As discussed in Chapter 4 regarding return of…
One area for potential confusion centers on the issue of treatment in lieu of supervision or treatment as supervision. In such cases, courts may be inclined to defer sentence and require enrollment in a community based or in-house treatment program in…
The Compact necessarily involves offenders moving across state lines. Therefore, considerations of different courts’ personal jurisdiction over the parties to a suit might come into play. Unfortunately, different courts have reached different results when…
Transfers fall into one of two categories, (1) mandatory acceptance and (2) discretionary acceptance. The authority to place an offender outside the state rests exclusively with the sending state. See Rule 3.101. The offender has no constitutional right…
Below are the 'Due on' and 'Overdue' email notifications generated by ICOTS:    Case Closure Notices due in 30 days, 30 calendar days prior to 10 business days after the Supervision End Date due in 30 days, 30 calendar days prior to 10…
The ICAOS was written to address problems and complaints with the ICPP. Chief among the problems and complaints were: Lack of state compliance with the terms and conditions of the ICPP; Enforceability of its rules given there was no enforcement mechanism…
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