Compact Online Reference Encyclopedia (CORE)

Looking for information on a specific topic, training, rule, or process? Through one search here, you can find the information you need from ICAOS’ white papersadvisory opinionstraining modulesrules and the bench book. All results are cross-referenced with links to make navigation easy and intuitive.

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… 2363 … 2362 … 2361 … 2360 … travel permit … 2397 … 2413 … 2415 … 2434 … definitions … 2006 … Travel Permit – means the written permission granted to an …
… temporary travel permit … 2397 … 2419 … definitions … 2014 … Temporary Travel Permit – means, for the purposes of Rule 3.108 (b) , …
(a) Notification of travel permits - The receiving state shall notify the sending state prior to the issuance of a travel permit for an offender traveling to the sending state.  (b) This rule does not apply to offenders who are employed or attending…
… (a) Notification of travel permits - The receiving state shall notify the sending state prior to the issuance of a travel permit for an offender traveling to the sending …
Offenders may be granted travel permits. A travel permit is the “written permission granted to an offender authorizing the offender to travel from one state to another.” See Rule 1.101. Rule 3.110 requires a receiving state to provide notification to a…
… Offenders may be granted travel permits. A travel permit is the “written permission granted to an …
Denial of Reporting Instructions
… supervision. The sending state may grant a seven-day travel permit to an offender who was living in the receiving state at the time of sentencing. Prior to granting a travel permit to an offender, the sending state shall verify …
Authority to Issue Travel Permits Authority of judges and probation or parole officers to permit certain offenders to travel outside of Texas who, by reason of the type of crime committed or the duration of the travel, are not eligible for transfer of…
… 2379 … 2376 … 2371 … Authority to Issue Travel Permits Authority of judges and probation or parole officers to permit certain offenders to travel outside of Texas who, by reason of the type of crime …
Guidance Concerning Out-of-State Travel for Sex Offenders Issue #1: Whether a receiving state’s compact administrator may prohibit an offender, whose supervision was transferred to the receiving state pursuant to ICAOS, from traveling outside of the…
… 2388 … 2373 … Guidance Concerning Out-of-State Travel for Sex Offenders Issue #1: Whether a receiving … transferred to the receiving state pursuant to ICAOS, from traveling outside of the receiving state while under … in receiving state … terms of supervision … travel permit … 3-2008 … 2422 … 2423 … 2437 … supervision receiving …
An offender being in the receiving state prior to investigation as a valid reason for rejection.
… Statutes Commission Rule 2.110 States: (a) No state shall permit an offender who is eligible for transfer under this … the receiving state’s acceptance, with the exception of travel permits which may be granted but which are also … the provisions of Rule 3.102(b), with the exception of travel permits under Rule 3.103(b). It is presumed in Rule …
Whether or not the definition of the term ‘Relocate’ in ICAOS Rule 1.101 and as applicable in ICAOS Rule 2.110, should be interpreted to mean that an offender may not proceed and remain in another state for a cumulative period exceeding 45 days in any 12…
… a state would be in violation of ICAOS Rule 2.110 if permitting an offender to proceed to another state for … period prior to the expiration of each 45 consecutive day travel event, while issuing a second or subsequent 45 day maximum travel permit(s) to return to that specific state, without …
As used in these rules, unless the context clearly requires a different construction- Abscond – means to be absent from the offender’s approved place of residence and employment; and failing to comply with reporting requirements. Adult – means both…
… cumulative number of days within which an offender may be permitted to remain in another state to a total of 45 … by the receiving state for the supervision of an offender. Travel Permit – means the written permission granted to an offender authorizing the offender to travel from one state to another. Victim – means a natural …
The intent of the ICAOS is not to dictate judicial sentencing or place restrictions on the court’s discretion relative to sentencing. See Scott v. Virginia, 676 S.E.2d 343, 347 (Va. App. 2009). The ICAOS contains no provisions directing judges on…
… part of complying with a judge’s sentence would require or permit travel or relocation to another state, the rules of the … the extent that the decision to parole requires or permits travel or relocation to another state. If the parole board …
(a) Except as provided in sections (c) & (d), and subject to the exceptions in Rule 3.103 and 3.106, a sending state seeking to transfer supervision of an offender to another state shall submit a completed transfer request with all required…
… 3.106 , the sending state shall not allow the offender to travel to the receiving state until the receiving state has … at the time the transfer request is submitted and has been permitted to travel to the receiving state for employment, treatment or …
As a general proposition, convicted persons enjoy no right to interstate travel or a constitutionally protected interest to supervision in another state. See Jones v. Helms, 452 U.S. 412, 418-20 (1981); Griffin v. Wisconsin, 483 U.S. 868, 874 (1987); U.S…
… proposition, convicted persons enjoy no right to interstate travel or a constitutionally protected interest to … cert denied , 375 U.S. 957 (1963). A parolee’s right to travel is essentially the same as an inmate’s and, thus, not … Wis. June 16, 2006). A categorical denial of the right to travel applicable to offenders does not presumptively …
Clarification of Rule 3.101-3(c)(1) regarding sex offenders living in the receiving state at the time of sentencing and of Rule 4.103 regarding imposition and enforcement of special conditions. 1. Whether a sending state is required to provide details of…
… Moreover, if the offender returns to Massachusetts on a travel permit, which could include up to 45 days, he or she will be … the receiving state may deny reporting instructions. (2) No travel permit shall be granted by the sending state until …
Rejection of Transfers Based on Outstanding Warrants. "May a state reject a transfer request from an offender, who is a resident of that state and has verified employment, when there are warrants or pending charges in the receiving state?”
… warrant in the receiving state. The offender was allowed to travel to the receiving state to answer the charge against … then the receiving state must accept supervision… To permit this is to allow a state to effect a “banishment …
The Commission adopted Rule 3.103 to address those offenders subject to probation who need to relocate to a state prior to acceptance and receiving reporting instructions. This rule allows an offender who is living in the receiving state at the time of…
… every probationer. The sending state may grant a seven-day travel permit to an offender subject to Rule 3.103; and, the … receiving state’s response to five (5) business days and travel permits for ‘sex offenders’ shall not be provided …
(a) A request for reporting instructions for an offender who was living in the receiving state at the time of initial sentencing or after disposition of a violation or revocation proceeding shall be submitted by the sending state within 7 business days of…
… probation supervision. The sending state may grant a 7 day travel permit to an offender who was living in the receiving state … of violation or revocation proceeding. Prior to granting a travel permit to an offender, the sending state shall verify …
A receiving state shall supervise offenders consistent with the supervision of other similar offenders sentenced in the receiving state, including the use of incentives, corrective actions, graduated responses, and other supervision techniques.…
… for transfer] 3-2008 [Guidance Concerning Out-of-State Travel for Sex Offenders] History: Adopted November 4, 2003, …
An offender not subject to the ICAOS is not eligible to have their supervision transferred to another state, but neither are they restricted in their travel, except as otherwise ordered by the sentencing court. See Sanchez v. N.J. State Parole Bd., 845 A.…
… to another state, but neither are they restricted in their travel, except as otherwise ordered by the sentencing court. … them from moving to New York. If New York is willing to permit the change of residency, assuming the other criteria … to some form of community supervision are generally free to travel. This is in large measure because the duration of …
The Commission recognizes that the transfer of sex offenders is complex due to individual state laws regarding sex offender registries and various residency and employment restrictions. Rule 3.101-3 addresses these challenges in order to promote offender…
… In cases of sex offenders, there is a disallowance for travel permits. Accordingly, a sex offender must remain in the … this rule also prohibits a sex offender from any travel outside of a sending state pending a request for …
Clarification of Rule 3.105 - transfer request for offenders incarcerated at the time the request is submitted. Whether a sending state may request that a receiving state investigate a request to transfer supervision under the compact prior to the…
… 3.106, the sending state shall not allow the offender to travel to the receiving state until the receiving state has …
(a) At the request of an offender for transfer to a subsequent receiving state, and with the approval of the sending state, the sending state shall prepare and transmit a request for transfer to the subsequent state in the same manner as an initial…
… under supervision. (d) The receiving state shall issue a travel permit to the offender when the sending state informs the …
(a) If a receiving state accepts transfer of the offender, the receiving state’s acceptance shall include reporting instructions. (b) Upon notice of acceptance of transfer by the receiving state, the sending state shall issue a travel permit to the…
… by the receiving state, the sending state shall issue a travel permit to the offender and notify the receiving state of the …
Whether an offender whose supervision was never transferred under the Compact and who subsequently absconds supervision is subject to the terms of the Compact and ICAOS rules and may the State from which the offender absconded return the offender under…
… pursuant to the Bylaws and rules of this compact to travel across state lines both to and from each compacting … Transfer of offenders under this compact (a) No state shall permit an offender who is eligible for transfer under this …
In 1934, Congress authorized the creation of interstate Compacts on crime control, which led to the 1937 Interstate Compact for the Supervision of Parolees and Probationers. Also referred to as the Interstate Compact for Probation and Parole or the…
… regarding an offender’s permission to engage in interstate travel or relocation. Often, a receiving state obtained …
The ICAOS was written to address problems and complaints with the ICPP. Chief among the problems and complaints were: Lack of state compliance with the terms and conditions of the ICPP; Enforceability of its rules given there was no enforcement mechanism…
… For example, Colorado adopted legislation prohibiting “the travel of a supervised person who is a nonresident of this …
(a) A misdemeanor offender whose sentence includes 1 year or more of supervision shall be eligible for transfer, provided that all other criteria for transfer, as specified in Rule 3.101, have been satisfied; and the instant offense includes one or more…
… are prohibited by ICAOS from allowing such offenders to travel from Texas to another state]  1-2011  [All violations …
As discussed, offenders have no constitutional travel rights and states have no constitutional obligations to open their doors to offenders from other states. Thus, ICAOS is the only mechanism by which states can regulate the interstate movement of adult…
… As discussed, offenders have no constitutional travel rights and states have no constitutional obligations …
(a) No state shall permit an offender who is eligible for transfer under this compact to relocate to another state except as provided by the Compact and these rules.  (b) An offender who is not eligible for transfer under this Compact is not subject to…
… (a) No state shall permit an offender who is eligible for transfer under this … Opinions 9-2006 [States which allow eligible offenders to travel to a receiving state pending investigations are in … cumulative number of days within which an offender may be permitted to remain in another state to a total of 45 …
The Interstate Commission for Adult Offender Supervision is charged with overseeing the day-to-day operations of the Interstate Compact for Adult Offender Supervision, a formal agreement between member states that seeks to promote public safety by…
… and to the jurisdictions where offenders are authorized to travel or to relocate, establish a system of uniform data …
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